White camellia Japonica is a flowering plant that is native to Taiwan, Japan, Korea and China. The plant is prized for its full, showy blossoms that bloom during the winter. White camellias symbolize loveliness and faithfulness. The blossoms are traditionally used in weddings in Asian countries (including Korea, Japan and China), along with red camellia flowers.
White camellia Japonica produces white flowers with yellow centers. The flowers grow up to 5 inches in diameter, and have overlapping rounded petals. White camellia Japonica's leaves are deep green and naturally glossy. The plant grows slowly, but eventually reaches heights of 15 to 20 feet, and widths of 8 to 9 feet.
In Asian countries--including Japan and China--white camellia Japonica are found in home gardens as well as in the wild. In the United States, the plants are found primarily in the southeastern states. The mild winter climate in the southeastern United States is ideal for the camellias to bloom.
The white camellia Japonica is cold hardy in USDA gardening zones 6-9. This means that camellia withstands the winter conditions in these zones. For extra protection, however, mulch the soil over the roots during the late fall and winter, and cover the plant with a cotton sheet when there is a threat of frost.
Light and Water Needs
White camellia Japonica prefers filtered light or shade. In cooler climates where spring and summer temperatures are still in the 50s or 60s at night, place the plant in full sun.
Like most flowering plants, white camellia Japonica needs moisture to bloom. Water often enough to keep the soil moist. Watering schedules depend on your locale and climate: plants in hotter climates require more frequent waterings due to heat and evaporation rates. Do not over-water. Wet soil leads to root rot and blossom drop.
White camellia Japonica is propagated by seed or cuttings. Because the plant is a slow grower, it will take a few years to produce blooms if planted from seed. Cut soft (not woody) cuttings from the plant during late summer or early winter. Cuttings root well in moist, rich soil. A rooting hormone powder can be used to hasten the root development.