Mexico is an ecologically diverse location that supports an abundance of plant life. The entire country offers close to 26,000 species of vascular plants according to ParksWatch at the Duke University's Center For Tropical Conservation. The most unique and diverse plant species can be found in Chiapas, Oaxaca and Veracruz. It is estimated that 12 percent of the plant life in Mexico is native to the country.
The tree dahlia (Dahlia imperialis) grows to 20 feet tall. Each flower measures 6 inches across and appears pink or light lavender. The plant is a tuberous perennial that produces stems that resemble bamboo. Each stem is hollow and was commonly used by the ancient Aztecs to carry water. The tree dahlia can be found in southern Mexico.
The Shrimp Plant
The shrimp plant (Justicia brandegeana) is an evergreen that grows approximately 3 to 5 feet tall. The stems sport drooping leaves in russet and white that appear as flowers. The general look of the flowers is reminiscent of tiny ocean shrimp. The plants can bloom continuously in frost-free zones. The plants prefer well-drained soil that is rich in hummus.
The plumeria (Frangipani) can grow as a plant, shrub or small tree. It is often considered to be the lei flower because it is commonly used to fashion flower necklaces. The plants are widespread throughout their native Mexico. There branches are succulent in nature which means they store water. The plant can attain heights of 40 feet. The flowers appear to be waxy and extremely fragrant. The plant flowers during the summer months.
The Mexican tarragon (Tagetes lucida) is a perennial that sports bright yellow blossoms. The plant grows 2 feet tall. The leaves are commonly said to smell like licorice. Many people use the leaves as a spice in food preparation, according to South Carolina herb farm, Pete's Herbs. It is also commonly used in a variety of teas. The plants grow in full sun and are quite drought tolerant.