Vegetables are inherently healthy, but gardeners can do things throughout the growing season to make their crops less healthy than they might be. Many gardeners are unaware of the effects that chemicals can have on their vegetables. A clean and healthy garden with only natural growing methods is the best way to grow healthy and chemical-free food. Growing healthy vegetables is a great way to ensure that your family will eat well throughout the year.
Create a welcoming environment for your seeds and seedlings. Create a raised bed garden so that the plants will grow in loose soil that will not be compacted by walking on it. Raised beds can be placed on the regular garden plot that you previously used, or may be built up on legs or in wooden pens to make the surface higher for easy reaching.
Compost all of your garden waste to make healthy fertilizer for your plants. Layer garden and kitchen waste with soil until the bin is filled about halfway. Turn the bin or compost pile every week. Within six weeks or so your garden waste will be turned into healthy compost. Dig this directly into your soil to feed all vegetable plants.
Keep your garden clean by regularly weeding it. Raised beds will still get weeds, although usually not as many, but the weeds should be taken care of when they are still young. Place all the pulled weeds into your compost bin for reuse later.
Take care of any pests by using insecticidal soap. Combine 2 tbsp. of liquid soap with one quart of water. Spray this mixture directly onto the plants and on the pests. The soap interferes with the insects' breathing and will get rid of them without getting any harsh chemicals on your food.
Choose a large variety of vegetables for the healthiest harvest. According to the Harvard School of Public Health, most adults should eat nine servings of vegetables and fruits a day and should get a variety of shapes and colors. Grow lettuces in many different versions. Peppers can be in many different colors, as can other vegetables. Aim to create a rainbow on your table, and you will get as many nutrients as possible.