When deciding what plants to plant up close to your house, choose examples that complement both the side of your house and the garden before it, creating a smooth transition between the two. The local soil and climate, the color of your house, the layout of the rest of your garden and your personal preferences should all play into your decision.
It can be tempting to grow trees and tall shrubs up close to your house, but the is usually a bad idea. Tree roots can damage foundations and sewage lines, and both trees and shrubs will block the sunlight coming into your house. Consider growing a climbing plant instead. Climbing plants like honeysuckle, morning glory and black-eyed Susan will decorate the side of your house with an attractive, living layer while letting you get lots of light.
If you prefer the side of your house unadorned, consider growing a ground cover plant. Flowering ground cover plants like daylilly and sweet woodruff are an interesting alternative to grass and are easy to care for. If you want both a ground cover plant and a climbing plant, consider using an ivy plant such as English ivy. It is at home both on the ground and in the air.
Fire Retardant Plants
If you live in a dry area prone to wildfires, the plants that you plant up close to your house can be your greatest ally or your worst enemy. Fire retardant plants will not contribute to the spread of fire. The aforementioned sweet woodruff is a fire retardant, plant as are several species of sage, agave cactus, and flowering plants like purple nightshade.