Different Kinds of Shrubs

Shrubs are good in a landscape as hedges, privacy fences, center garden pieces, foundation gardening, and many other applications. Picking the right kinds of shrubs will make a gardener decide what soil and light conditions the shrub will be placed in as well as the USDA hardiness zone in which he lives.

Glossy Abelia

Abelia x grandiflora, what is known as glossy abelia from the honeysuckle family, is a fragrant shrub that is easy to grow and evergreen. It attracts butterflies to the garden. It gets 10 feet high and 12 feet wide with dark green 1 to 2 inch long leaves and white funnel-like flowers. Grow in full sun or partial shade in soil that isn't dried out or a wetland. Propagate via cuttings in USDA hardiness zones 6-9.

Strawberry Tree

Arbutus unedo, what is known as strawberry tree or arbutus from the heath family, is an evergreen drought tolerant shrub. It gets 8 to 12 feet tall on average but there are some varieties that can hit 30 feet high. It has peeling bark and leaves that are leathery. Flowers are white or pink, 2 inches long, and in panicles. Fruits are red and warty. Grow in any soil in full sun or partial shade. Propagate via seed or cuttings in USDA hardiness zones 7-10.

Buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis, known as the buttonbush or button willow from the madder family, is a shrub that attracts both butterflies and hummingbirds. It gets 6 to 8 feet high and 6 to 8 feet wide. Leaves are deciduous and 3 to 6 inches long. White flowers are small and in clusters. Grow in full sun and in moist soil. Propagate via cuttings or seed in USDA hardiness zones 5-10.

Gumi

Elaeagnus multiflora, what is known as gumi or cherry elaeagnus from the oleaster family, is a fragrant shrub that attracts birds. It gets 8 feet high with egg-shaped leaves and small cream flowers. Fruits are red and silver. Grow in full sun in any soil. Propagate via seed or cuttings in USDA hardiness zones 4-9.

Peregrine

Jatropha integerrima, what is known as peregrine or spicy jatropha from the spurge family, is an evergreen drought tolerant shrub that attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. It gets 15 feet high and 10 feet wide with star-like flowers and glossy leaves. Flowers are 1 inch wide and in clusters of red or red-orange. Grow in well drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Propagate via cuttings in USDA hardiness zones 10-11.

Russian Arborvitae

Microbiota decussate, what is known as Russian arborvitae or Siberian cypress from the cypress family, is an evergreen shrub. It gets 1 to 2 feet tall but has a wide spread. Leaves are yellow-green and there are tiny cones on the shrub. Grow in full sun or partial shade in moist well drained soil. Propagate via cuttings or seed in USDA hardiness zones 2-7.

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About this Author

Tina Samuels has been a full-time freelance writer for more than 10 years, concentrating on health and gardening topics, and a writer for 20 years. She has written for "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living," and "Mature Years," as well as online content. She has one book, “A Georgia Native Plant Guide,” offered through Mercer University; others are in development.