How to Plant Queen Palm Trees

Overview

The Queen palm is native to South America and can grow up to 50 feet tall. The fronds are dark green and glossy while the trunk is gray and marked with evenly spaced leaf scars. In the summer, large clusters of flowers form among the leaves and turn to a green fruit in winter. The fruit will turn bright orange and the clusters can hang down 6 feet or more. Queen palms are single-trunked and mostly straight. They're graceful, feathery palms that can give a tropical look to any landscape. This tree is hardy in USDA planting zones 9b through 11.

Step 1

Choose a location that has full sun and is not prone to flooding. Do not plant under the canopy of another tree as the Queen palm shouldn't be shaded.

Step 2

Dig a hole three times the diameter and a foot deeper than the container you purchased it in. Remove all the lawn grass, weeds and stones from the dug out soil. Mix the dug out soil to a ratio of two parts soil to one part compost.

Step 3

Fill in the planting hole with 10 inches of amended soil. Sprinkle 1 lb. of manganese sulfate on top of the soil. This will create an acidic base that the tree thrives on. Place another 3 inches of amended soil in the hole.

Step 4

Carefully remove the tree from the container you purchased it in. Gently knock off some of the soil surrounding the roots and set the tree in the planting hole. Adjust the height so the tree is sitting at the same level as in the container.

Step 5

Place soil halfway up the root ball and water to settle the soil into the roots. Continue to fill until the soil is level with the surrounding ground.

Step 6

Water the Queen palm every other day for two weeks to help establish the roots, then allow the top soil to dry before watering thereafter. Once the tree is mature, it will only need watering in severe drought situations.

Step 7

Apply a fertilizer made especially for palm trees once in the early spring and again midsummer. Follow manufacturer's direction for amount to apply depending on type and brand of fertilizer used.

Step 8

Mulch around the tree once you start to see some growth. This will help to keep weeds down and prevent harm to the palm's trunk from weed trimmers. Open wounds on a Queen palm's trunk can lead to butt rot and kill the tree. There is no treatment for the disease, so use care around the tree's trunk with all gardening tools.

Things You'll Need

  • Queen palm tree
  • Shovel
  • Compost
  • Manganese sulfate
  • Palm tree fertilizer
  • Mulch

References

  • Sun Palm Trees: Queen Palm Trees - Cold Hardy Palms
  • Floridata: Syagrus romanzoffiana
  • U.w. Dept. of Agriculture: Syagrus romanzoffiana Queen Palm
Keywords: planting Queen palms, palm tree care, growing Syagrus romanzoffiana

About this Author

Dale DeVries is a retired realtor with 30 years of experience in almost every facet of the business. DeVries started writing in 1990 when she wrote advertising and training manuals for her real estate agents. Since retiring, she has spent the last two years writing well over a thousand articles online for Associated Content, Bright Hub and Demand Studios.