How to Grow Beech Nut Trees From Seeds


The beech nut tree (Fagus grandifolia), an enormous tree native to many parts of the United States, can grow to 100 feet tall and 70 feet wide, yet it has a shallow root system. Because the beech tree is a prolific seed producer, you can harvest your own beech seeds and plant them to grow a new tree. Growing a beech nut tree from seeds, however, can be hit or miss because both germination and transplanting the seedlings can be difficult. With patience and right techniques you can increase your chances of successfully planting beech nut trees from seeds.

Step 1

Harvest beech tree seeds between mid-September and November, harvesting when the husks begin to turn brown and open. Remove the outer husks from the seeds.

Step 2

Air dry the beech seeds for one or two days. Place the seeds in an airtight container with some moist sand or peat moss and store them in the refrigerator at 37 to 41 degrees F. for 90 days.

Step 3

Remove the container from the refrigerator and store the seeds at 68 degrees F. for another 60 days. Sow the seeds in the spring.

Step 4

Fill a 6-inch planter pot with a mixture of all-purpose potting soil, organic compost and a handful of coarse sand. Plant the beech seeds about ½ inch deep in the potting mix.

Step 5

Place the seeds in partial shade until mid-summer, and then move the seedlings into full sunlight to dappled sunlight.

Step 6

Water the seeds two or three times each week to keep the potting mix moist.

Tips and Warnings

  • Be careful when transplanting the young tree outdoors so you don't damage the long taproot.

Things You'll Need

  • Beech tree seeds
  • Airtight container
  • Sand or peat moss
  • Planter pot, 6-inch diameter
  • Potting soil
  • Organic compost
  • Coarse sand


  • College of Agricultural & Life Sciences: Growing Wisconsin Trees from Seed

Who Can Help

  • University of Illinois Extension: Establishing Nut Trees
  • American Beech
Keywords: plant beech tree seed, grow beech nut trees, grow beech seeds

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.