The jade plant, scientifically referred to as Crassula ovata, is a succulent shrub native to the Eastern Cape of South Africa. This drought tolerant tree grows green foliage, has reddish and purple hues and blooms pink and white flowers. Because jade grows easily and resists most diseases and predators, wilting or distressed jade plant is easily cured.
Use sharp, sterile scissors to prune away any dead branches. Make an angular cut as close to the branch as possible to ensure rapid healing. Avoid pruning away any withering foliage as these leaves may rejuvenate.
Remove the jade plant from its potting container and place the plant on a clean, flat surface. Gently remove excess soil from the roots.
Trim back any dead or dying roots in the root system. Use sharp, sterile scissors to complete the root pruning process. Hold the distressed root in one hand and trim back the individual root at the base of the system. Avoid trimming more than one third of the root system.
Repot the jade plant using clean, nutrient-rich soil mixed with an equal amount of organic compost. Line the bottom of a well-drained potting container with a layer of prepared soil. Position the jade plant in the center of the container and fill it with the potting soil.
Use a clean, moist cloth and gently clean the foliage of the plant, removing any soil or dust. Irrigate the jade plant thoroughly while allowing excess water to run out the bottom of the container. Use a misting bottle and spray a fine mist across the foliage.
Place the newly repotted jade plant in a warm location that receives at least six hours of full to partially shaded sunlight each day. Choose a location that provides morning sun and afternoon shade to prevent sun damage and distress. Avoid locations near excessive heat or temperature variations such as heating vents or air conditioning units.
Allow the soil of the jade plant to dry out completely between watering. Place your finger in the soil near the root system, approximately 1 1/2 to 2 inches deep. Water the plant when the soil feels dry and foliage begins to show signs of drooping.
Feed the jade plant only when it shows signs of improved health. Look for firmly filled foliage with a rich green color and strongly developed branches. Feed the jade plant in early spring just before the growing season begins. Use a well-balanced, slow-release fertilizer such as a 10-10-10 or 20-20-20.