Pear trees (Pyrus communis) are easy to grow trees that are nice additions to a sunny backyard. Pear trees are less susceptible to pests and diseases than many other orchard fruit trees. The three common varieties of pear tree available in the United States are Asian, European and Oriental Hybrids. Your garden's soil condition and the style of pear you prefer will dictate which tree is right for you.
Warren pear trees grow to be about 25 feet tall and prefer well-drained soil and full sun exposure. The tree produces pink and white fragrant blossoms. The Warren pear ripens in August and is small to medium in size and smooth in texture. Warren pears are considered the best pears because of their excellent dessert quality and fire blight resistance.
Ayres pear trees grow well in a backyard with full sun exposure, and they like rich soils that are well-drained. They bloom in early spring and show a fragrant pink or white blossom. The pears, which ripen in August, are sweet, dessert-quality fruits that are medium-sized with a russet and red blush. Ayres pear trees are highly resistant to fire blight.
Garber pear trees grow to be about 25 feet tall and like sunny spots in the garden. Their sweet-smelling blooms make the Garber an attractive addition to your yard. Keep the soil moist but well-drained. Garber pears are crisp, textured and often called pear-apples because they are shaped like a red delicious apple.
Asian Pear Trees
Housi is a semi-dwarf pear tree that is a good choice for a milder climate. It likes a well-drained soil and full sun conditions. Housi pears, with their distinct rum-like flavor, are considered to be the best tasting Asian pear and are harvested in July. They are moderately resistant to fire blight
Twentieth Century (Nijisseiki) pear trees reach 20 to 40 feet tall and have fragrant pink and white flowers that bloom in the early spring. They like high humidity and warmer conditions and prefer a spot that is in full sun to partial shade. Twentieth Century pears are medium in size and have a butterscotch flavor.
Shinseiki pear trees reach up to 30 feet tall and like warm, humid conditions. They bloom in early spring and show a pink or white, sweetly scented flower. Shinseiki pears are a good dessert-quality pear, are yellow in color and ripen in July and August. They grow best when planted in a soil mix that ranges from sandy loam to clay loam. Trees should be watered regularly, especially in drier conditions.
European Pear Trees
D'Anjou pear trees like milder climates and well-drained soil conditions. They produce white or pink blooms in the early spring and pears that ripen in late September. D'Anjou pear trees are best suited for the shady to partially sunny spots in your backyard. With proper storage, D'Anjou pears can keep for up to five months. Pears are short necked and green in color when ripe.
Bartlett pear trees are not drought tolerant. They like a moist, rich soil and need to be well-watered. Bartletts require a minimum of six to eight hours of sunlight daily. The Bartlett pear ripens at the end of August and is medium to large in size. The fruits are green when picked but ripen to a deep yellow shade. Bartletts are good for fresh eating and for canning.
Bosc trees are large, reaching up to 40 feet in height. They like a mild climate, full sun and moist, well-drained soil conditions. Flowers are white or pink and are very fragrant. Bosc pears are juicy with a sweet, spicy, rich flavor and are golden-brown in color. The tree is hardy but is moderately susceptible to fire blight.