Spring officially arrives in March, and it's nice to see that there are a few early blooming flowers that are around to welcome in the season. Tulips and irises can be spotted along walkways and in gardens as they begin to show their brightly colored blossoms. There are many early bloomers that sprout up in March to usher in the spring flower season.
Pasque flowers (Pulsatilla vulgaris) are perennials that produce purple, white or maroon flowers in March. The plants sprout a seed head that can reach up to 12 inches high and it becomes covered with gray-white hairs in late spring and summer. Pasque flowers like sunny to partially shaded areas of your garden and grow best in well-drained soil.
Found in moist wooded areas, the bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) blooms over a 2- to 4-week period in late March and early April. They prefer a shaded area and produce a single white flower that contains eight to 16 petals; the flower only lives for one or two days. A member of the poppy family, the plant is named bloodroot because of the bright red liquid that seeps from the root when cut or broken.
Considered to be one of the earliest blooming spring flowers, the snow crocus (Crocus chrysanthus) often blooms while snow is on the ground. Native to southern Europe and Asia, snow crocuses are popular throughout the rest of the world. They produce brightly colored flowers in shades of blue, yellow, light orange and white. Snow crocuses are petite flowers, only reaching 3 to 4 inches in height but they are easy to grow and are quite prolific. They like a sunny location and well-drained soil.
Basket of Gold
Sometimes called golden alyssum, these bright colorful flowers bloom in the early spring days of March. This small evergreen perennial (Aurina saxatilis) grows to be 4 to 12 inches tall. Blooms are usually golden or bright yellow in color but white and cream colors are common as well. They are ideal plants for rock gardens and make good edging for flowers beds. Basket of gold likes a well-drained soil and prefer brightly lit areas of the garden.
This hardy evergreen plant (Phlox subulata) grows up to 4 to 6 inches in height and spreads out over a 2-foot range. The creeping phlox, also called moss pink and thrift, produces a trumpet-shaped red-purple, pink, white or violet-purple colored flower in the late weeks of March. It tolerate dry soil conditions and like good drainage and prefer to be planted in sunny spots in your yard or garden.
Another early blooming perennial is the carnation (Danthus caryophyllus). Most often used as cut flowers in arrangements, carnations do well in containers and in rock gardens. They like cool, partially shaded conditions and should be planted in alkaline soils. Carnations grow to be 9 to 18 inches tall and have fragrant, long blooming blossoms. They come in a wide variety of colors ranging from pinks to reds, purples and whites, some are striped and bicolored.