Fruit Tree Varieties

There are many fruit tree varieties to grow to produce sweet and delicious fruits to use in your favorite recipes and desserts. Because fruit like peaches and pears can be canned, you can have fresh fruit throughout the year. The climate in your region will depend upon the type of fruit you can successfully grow and harvest. The amount of sunlight and average temperate in the area needs to be compatible with the selected crop.

Pear

There are many varieties of pear trees to grow that produce sweet and delicious fruit. Pear trees are fast growing and begin to produce fruit within three to five years. Similar to apple trees, pear trees require pruning and training throughout the years. Their dark green, glossy leaves are finely toothed and lovely among the fruit. A popular pear tree is the Bartlett pear. When mature, this lovely tree grows up to 18 feet in height. Its bright yellow fruit is among one of the popular pear fruits. The sweet and juicy Bartlett pear is used for canning, cooking and eating fresh. The USDA hardiness zone is 4 to 9.

Fig

Fig trees are deciduous trees that can grow up to 30 feet in height and 50 wide, making for a stunning addition to the landscape. The leaves of the fig tree are bright to dark green and deeply lobed. Fig trees produce fruits that are bell-shaped and have a wide, flat bottom. The colors of the fruit vary and include brown, green, yellow, purple and black. Some fig fruits are variegated and have a stripe shooting down the fruit. The skin of the fig is wrinkled and leathery in appearance. When ripe, the top of the fig bends or forms a "neck" on the stem. Figs are highly perishable and should be eaten soon after picking. The USDA hardiness zone is 7b to 11.

Plum

Plum, a type of stone fruit tree, grows up to 30 feet tall and 25 feet wide. The leaves of the plum are oval to oblong with a pointed tip. The scalloped edges look like small teeth and are bright green. When in flower the plum tree is covered in bright white blossoms that light up the landscape. The flowers on the plum tree are grouped on short stems and emerge in the spring for a short period of time. The plum fruit is round, smooth and soft. Plum colors include purple, yellow and red. Mature plum fruit is known to have a dusty-white coating that is easily rubbed off before eating. The USDA hardiness zone is 5 to 7.

Keywords: fruit tree varieties, Bartlett pear tree, fig fruit tree, plum tree

About this Author

Callie Barber is a writer and photographer in North Carolina. Her work has appeared in Forbes and Automotive News magazine. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in international studies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.