Pomegranates (Punica granatum) are deciduous, fruit-producing trees that are indigenous to regions throughout Asia. Commercially, pomegranates are cultivated for their antioxidant-rich, 2- to 3-inch-wide fruit. In the home garden, they are grown for their fruit-producing capabilities and for their showy, red-orange, waxy-looking, trumpet-shaped flowers, which bloom throughout summer. Pomegranates need arid weather and full sun for best fruit production.
Slice open the pomegranate and, using a table knife or your fingers, pick out the seeds and drop them into a bowl of water.
Dispose of any of the fleshy pulp, or membrane, that floats on the surface of the water. Pour out the bowl of water into a strainer, colander or wire basket to collect the pomegranate seeds.
Lay the pomegranate seeds out onto paper towels and let them dry for two to three days.
Scoop potting mix into 3- or 4-inch plastic pots that have been previously sterilized. Fill the pots to approximately 1/4 inch from the top of the rim.
Tamp the soil down in each of the plastic pots using your hands, the bottom of a glass or a small block of wood. Pour water into each pot to dampen the potting mix thoroughly. Set the pots into a shallow tray, like a watering tray. (You can purchase a watering tray at a garden center or plant nursery).
Poke two 1/2-inch-deep holes in each pot. Drop one pomegranate seed into each of the holes. Sprinkle approximately 1/2 inch of the potting mix over each seed, then tamp the soil down gently.
Set the tray containing the pots in a brightly lit, warm area in your home. The temperature needs to be consistently around 68 to 70 degrees F. The tray should get approximately eight to 10 hours of light daily, but avoid direct sunlight.
Add water to the watering tray often enough to keep the seeds leaning toward the moist side, but never drippy wet. Pomegranate seeds usually begin sprouting between seven and 14 days in the above conditions.
Transplant the pomegranate seedlings into 1-gallon pots when they have grown to approximately 3 to 4 inches tall.