Zoyia grass is a warm climate grass that is used primarily in the southern part of the United States. This hardy, tough grass is perfect for areas with high foot traffic, such as golf courses. Zoyia grass is desirable for its ease of care and ability to crowd out common lawn weeds. Although a popular choice for many homeowners, some do not like that fact that Zoyia grass will go dormant (turn brown) when cool weather arrives. In addition, this grass needs full sun to thrive and is not good for lawns that have shady areas.
Newly Planted Zoysia Grass
Water daily, enough so that the soil is continually moist, for two weeks. Use a light spray so that the water does not wash away or drown the grass seed. If sod was planted, you can water with a heavier stream. Five to 10 minutes a day should be enough to keep the soil moist.
Mow the new grass once the blades are between two and three inches tall. Reduce watering at this point to once or twice a week.
Fertilize the lawn with about 15 lbs of a balanced (10-10-10) lawn fertilizer per every 1,000 square feet of lawn. Apply the fertilizer after the first mowing.
Established Zoysia Grass
Water established Zoysia grass only about once a week; twice during extended hot, dry periods. This grass is able to dry out a bit and still thrive. One inch of water is sufficient. If the grass blades start to curl inward, water twice a week.
Mow Zoysia grass when the blades are between two and three inches tall.
Fertilize your Zoysia grass each spring with between two and four pounds of balanced (10-10-10) fertilizer for each 1,000 square feet of lawn. Also give the lawn an application of nitrogen (two to three pounds per 1,000 square feet) every 50 to 60 days from May to late August, but do not fertilize in the fall.
De-thatch your Zoysia grass every two years with a power rake or vertical lawn mower.
About this Author
April Sanders has been an educator since 1998. Nine years later she began writing curriculum. She currently writes academic research content for EBSCO publishing and elementary reading curriculum for Compass Publishing. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in social psychology and a master's degree in information sciences and technology in education.