How to Plant Vegetables in a Deck Pot


Even if you have a lack of workable ground or space in your backyard to grow a garden, or you rent an apartment or house, this doesn't mean you can't grow fresh vegetables. While there are some vegetables like corn or pumpkins which need the space provided by a garden bed, others do well when planted in containers. To plant vegetables in a deck pot you'll want to try your favorites of bush beans, lettuce, tomatoes, eggplants, cucumbers, squash, spinach, zucchini, peppers and onions.

Step 1

Fill the bottoms of your large pots with 1 to 2 inches of gravel or stone, covering the drainage holes slightly. Pour in fresh potting soil to fill the remainder of each pot to within an inch or two of the rim.

Step 2

Plant a few seeds or one seedling in the center of each pot according to the seed packet or plant stake instructions. You don't want to pack the seeds or seedling in with the soil, but do cover the seeds and press the seedling in place lightly.

Step 3

Water the pots with a low-flow sprinkling to saturate the soil without causing water to pool along the base of the pot. Maintain a moist soil for the first month as the seeds and seedlings begin to grow.

Step 4

Add a trellis or plant stake only to the plants which require it, such as the tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers. Be careful as you insert the stake or trellis frame that you don't damage the roots of the young plants.

Step 5

Apply a fertilizer following manufacturer's instructions only as needed based on the types of plants you are growing. Different vegetables will require feeding at different times in their fruit production, so knowing how your plants need to be fertilized is crucial.

Step 6

Continue to water the plants individually as the plants need it, typically twice a week depending on the temperatures in your area. Daily watering may be needed over the summer months.

Step 7

Harvest your vegetables as they ripen and are ready to be eaten fresh, cooked, frozen or canned. Some plants, such as green beans, tomatoes and squash, will continue to produce in response to your harvest, so a healthy plant can keep you in good supply for the growing season.

Tips and Warnings

  • Treat any pests or disease as soon as you spot it occurring to minimize attack on your plants. Keeping your plants spaced at least a foot or two apart can ensure good air flow between plants and minimize transfer of pests or disease from one plant to another.

Things You'll Need

  • Large 2- and 3-gallon containers
  • Gravel or small stones
  • Potting soil
  • Seeds or small seedlings
  • Water
  • Supports, trellis or stakes
  • General purpose fertilizer


  • "Vegetable Gardening: Your ultimate guide"; Robert J. Dolezal; 2000

Who Can Help

  • Plant fertilizing calendar
Keywords: planting vegetable on a deck, container vegetable garden, how to plant vegetables in a deck pot

About this Author

Margaret Telsch-Williams is a freelance, fiction, and poetry writer from the Blue Ridge mountains. When not writing articles for Demand Studios, she works for as a contributor and podcast co-host.