Roses are popular in many gardens for their scent, graceful shape, colorful blossoms and ability to secure an area with sharp thorns. When the urge to grow roses is strong but room for them is lacking, containers are the way to go. Any rose can be grown in a container as long as you meet its basic needs. Roses can also be grown indoors as houseplants, ideal if you are a city dweller or have a small yard.
Roses for Containers
Any type of rose is suitable for pot culture. There are miniature roses that produce small leaves and blossoms, making them especially good choices for smaller pots. Climbing roses require support, such as a trellis or fencing, to keep upright. When repotting roses, use a pot 2 or more inches wider in diameter than the original.
Potted Rose Care
Roses thrive in well-drained soils rich in organic matter. Roses in pots require plenty of consistent moisture, but don't let them sit in water or the roots will rot. Clay pots will dry out more quickly than plastic or stone. Check the soil's moisture level regularly to keep your roses from becoming dehydrated. Use slow-release rose food to keep plants growing and healthy. Regularly remove spent flowers to prolong bloom time and vigor. When the plant outgrows its container, trim the roots or move to a larger pot. Roses bloom best when they receive six or more hours of full sun a day.
Aphids, Japanese beetles and white flies will attack potted roses. Aphids are found on the stems of the plant and where the leaves and buds join the plant. White flies can be found by tapping the plant and looking for a white cloud rising from the area. Japanese beetles are hard to miss, as they are quite large. Their iridescent green, bronze and black bodies will cover the rose's leaves and flowers. Use a pesticide made for roses to fight all these pests, though you also can remove the Japanese beetles by hand and destroy them.
Uses for Roses
Rose hips are high in vitamin C and often used as a homeopathic treatment for bladder infections, headaches and dizziness. Rose petals are often candied in sugar for use on cakes and other desserts. When frozen into ice cubes, rose petals make an attractive drink garnish. Keep a potted rose near your back door for easy access.
Potted Roses as Houseplants
When grown indoors, the most commonly used roses are miniatures. When grown organically with food-safe fertilizers, you can harvest blossoms and hips for tea right at home. Roses grown indoors bloom and grow best when placed in a window with full sun. Add humidity to the air by placing water-filled trays beneath the pots. Raise the pots with stones so that the roots are not directly touching the water.