How to Plant Flower Beds


Flowers add bursts of color and interest to many landscape designs. Although flowers offer attractive edgings along sidewalks and borders, flower beds provide individual areas within the landscape to display a variety of blossoming plants. Flower bed designs vary depending on individual color schemes and climates. Knowing how to design and plant a flower bed ensures an attractive addition to your current landscape design.

Step 1

Purchase a variety of plants to add character and interest to your flower bed. Select tall flowers for the background and shorter ones for the front. Choose groundcovers to spill over the edges of your flowerbed. Select flowers that bloom at different times to provide continual color to your landscape. Choose a variety of both annuals and perennials. Select a few spring bulbs to add early blossoms to your flowerbed.

Step 2

Remove all existing weeds and other vegetation from your desired planting location. Toss out any rocks or debris that you find in the planting site. Loosen the top few inches of the soil in your flower bed. Break up hard dirt clumps with a garden rake. Smooth the surface before planting flowers. Plant flowers after the last frost in spring.

Step 3

Set your small plants on top of the prepared soil to create your design. Mark out the planting location before starting to dig. Arrange plants according to size and color. Group flowers according to color, rather than alternating colors between each plant. Allow adequate space between plants for mature growth. Place sun-loving plants near outer areas to avoid shade from other flowers as they grow.

Step 4

Dig the holes for each plant. Dig each hole large enough to allow plenty of space for the entire root ball. Carefully remove the roots from the pot and set the plant gently in the hole, keeping the surface of the soil even with the surrounding soil. Fill in area around root ball and tamp down to remove air pockets. Continue in this manner to plant all your flowers in their holes. Scatter a fine layer of mulch over the entire flowerbed to hold in moisture. Water your new plants until the soil is moist. Keep flowerbed soil slightly moist throughout the growing season.

Tips and Warnings

  • Avoid planting flowers in soil that has recently been treated with herbicides.

Things You'll Need

  • Flower plants
  • Flower bulbs
  • Garden rake
  • Garden shovel
  • Mulch
  • Garden hose


  • Colorado State University: Flower bed dimensions
  • University of Arizona Extension: Planning The Flower Bed
  • Cornell University: Flower Garden Design Basics
Keywords: flower bed, plant flowers, flower gardens, landscape gardens

About this Author

Laura Dee is a writer, artist, and the co-owner of Wallace & Wallace Copywriting,an online business which specializes in providing marketing materials and copy to various companies. She has written for Demand Studios since 2008 and is currently working on a series of childrens' picture books.