Although we think of almonds as nuts, they are classified as the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, which is a special hard-shelled fruit called a drupe. These sweet seeds are popular all over the world and are grown mainly in California in the United States. Almond trees (Prunus dulcis or P. amygdalus) can grow to a height of 30 feet tall and are related to the rose family. In the spring, these trees produce beautiful, fragrant pink and white flowers.
Choose the proper location for your almond tree. These trees must be exposed to full sunlight, which is defined as at least six hours of sunlight per day and preferably eight hours. Almond trees grow best in hot, dry weather.
Plant your almond tree in rich, loamy, well-draining soil. While this tree will tolerate poorer quality soils, it will thrive best in nutrient-rich, loose soils. If you have heavy, poor soil, amend it with sand and organic mulch. Work it into the soil to a depth of at least 12 inches.
Water your almond tree regularly. Although the tree prefers dry air and can tolerate dry soil, it needs regular watering to thrive. Once a week for 20 minutes during the summer should be enough. Use a drip hose that will water the tree in a slow, steady manner to ensure the water reaches the roots.
Fertilize the tree with a phosphorous-rich fertilizer in early spring and again in the fall. This will encourage development of the tree's roots. Follow the directions on the package for the size of your tree. Phosphorous-rich fertilizers are often marked as fruit-tree fertilizers.
Prune your almond tree in the late fall. Cut away dead or dying branches, or branches heavily infested with pests or cankers. Cankers are dark, cracked areas of branches that usually indicate a fungal infection.