Plants That Repel Deer

Gardeners living in deer country know that deer are determined predators. The only guaranteed way to stop them is a 10-foot fence. Unfortunately, that isn't always a practical solution. What else can you do? Plant a living barrier of plants that deer are known to dislike. Gardeners swear by many plants for this purpose, and a beautiful garden is enhanced by a thick border of attractive and deer-repellent shrubs, trees and other plants.

Trees

Use common landscape trees, such as Silver maple, Norway maple, dogwood, hawthorn, cedar, white ash, American holly, sweetgum, spruce (white, Colorado, Norway), Pine (Mugo, Japanese Black, white), or poplar.

Shrubs

Use any of a variety of shrubs, including serviceberry, barberry, butterfly bush, boxwood, sweet pepperbush, smoke tree, cotoneaster, broom, campanula, forsythia, rose of sharon, eastern red cedar, crape myrtle, mahonia, bayberry, cinquefoil, sassafras, spirea or yucca.

Herbaceous

Many herbaceous plants are particularly effective in repelling deer. Many of them were common regulars in old time gardens. Try any of these: yarrow, monkshood, lily of the Nile, floss flower, allium, chives, pearly everlasting, windflower, columbine, cress, sea pink, artemisia, astilbe, calendula, Canterbury bells, daisies and chrysanthemums, coreopsis, delphinium, bleeding heart, foxglove, wood fern, fescue grass, gaillardia, hyacinth, St. John's wort, iris, toad flax, lupine, rose campion, spearmint, bells of Ireland, daffodils, sword fern, cat mint, catnip, marjoram, peony, oriental poppy, Russian sage, tansy, bracken, pasque flower, rosemary, sage or salvia, lavender cotton, lamb's ear, germander, trillium, and chain fern.

Ground Covers

A repellent ground cover creates an effective border to any garden area. Use heather, heath, carpet bugle, lavender, manzanita (bearberry), thyme, vinca, myrtle or calla lily.

Vines

Two vines make several lists as deer resistant species: honeysuckle and wisteria.

Other Options

A dog with around-the-clock access to the garden will definitely deter deer. A loud radio and lights, hooked up to a motion detector, are also very effective. According to Mother Earth News, a rotten egg spray works well. Simply mix two or three eggs into a gallon of water and allow to sit overnight. Strain and apply with any spray equipment, weekly in spring, then every few weeks to new growth and burgeoning fruit. You won't notice it and the deer will hate it.

Keywords: deer, repel deer, deer repellant, vegetable garden pests, deer vegetable garden

About this Author

Patricia Bryant Resnick started writing when she was seven. She received a Bachelor of Arts from Sonoma State University in 1975. She began writing professionally in 1996 and has been published in "Rolling Stone," "Georgia Family Magazine" and online. Resnick specializes in food and gardening articles; she is a regular reviewer of tea on the Web.