When you have little or no usable garden space, maximize the space you do have by planting vegetables in hanging baskets. Baskets and planters can be hung anywhere that receives at least eight hours a day. There are many dwarf and basket varieties of vegetables that thrive in these conditions, and vining plants, like dwarf cucumber and tomato, trail over the edges of the baskets attractively. Preparing the baskets correctly and choosing the right vegetables will ensure your plants thrive in the baskets.
Fill a sturdy basket that has bottom drainage holes with a quality soil mix. Use baskets that are at least 18 inches wide and 12 inches deep for most vegetable plants.
Plant the vegetable transplant in the soil at the same depth it was at in its nursery container. Sow a single large plant, such as tomato or cucumber, in the center of each basket. Sow small plants, such as pea vines, around the edges of the basket, spacing each seed or vine 3 inches apart.
Hang the basket from a sturdy plant hook. Support the bottom of the basket with one hand and loop the hanger over the hook with the other hand. Have a second person support the basket while you hang it if you must use a ladder to reach the hanging hook.
Water the soil after hanging until the excess moisture begins dripping from the bottom of the basket. Watering before hanging makes the basket heavy to lift, so is best done once it is hung up properly.
Sprinkle 1 teaspoon of a granular balanced fertilizer on the soil surface once a week. Water thoroughly so the fertilizer is leached into the bottom of the soil where the roots can feed on it.
Rotate the basket at least once a week if only one side receives full sunlight. This encourages plants to grow strong, and prevents them from crowding into one side of the basket in search of sun.
Harvest vegetables from the plants as soon as they ripen to encourage further vegetable production. Many basket plants are not as prolific as full-size garden plants, but frequent harvesting helps make up for this.