How to Remove Bores From Apple Trees

Overview

Apple tree borers tunnel into the trunks of apple trees and eat their wood. The threat they pose to the tree largely depends on the type of borer. Dogwood and apple bark borers are the larvae of moths. These borers cause no immediate threat to the tree, but a severe infestation can kill a tree if left untreated for years. Beetle-larvae borers like the round-headed and flat-headed apple tree borer, however, feed voraciously on the live wood of an apple tree. Even one feeding larvae can kill a young tree.

Step 1

Identify the culprits. Borers can be identified by the small holes they leave in trees. The larvae are hard to spot because they spend their lives inside the apple tree's wood. When actively feeding, however, they push tell-tale sawdust castings out of the hole.

Step 2

Physically remove the borers in late summer when borers are most active. Find active borer holes. These are marked by the sawdust castings found at their interest. Stick a length of wire (a straightened wire coat hanger works well) into the hole until you impale the single larva inside. Pull the larva out if possible.

Step 3

Discourage further infestation. Paint the exterior of the trunk with white latex paint each May to deter female borer moths from laying eggs and suffocate any borers currently feeding on the wood. Remove weeds from around the trees. This will encourage woodpeckers and nuthatches to land on the tree and eat the borer larva.

Things You'll Need

  • Wire
  • White latex paint
  • Brush

References

  • Ministry of Agriculture Food and Rural Affairs: Apple Borers
  • University of Missouri: Insect Borers of Fruit Trees
Keywords: apple borer, tree borer, remove borers

About this Author

Emma Gin is a freelance writer who specializes in green, healthy and smart living. She is currently working on developing a weight-loss website that focuses on community and re-education. Gin is also working on a collection of short stories, because she knows what they say about idle hands.