Floral garlands have been used since Victorian England as a form of elegant accessory. In the winter months when blossoms were scarce, wealthy estate owners would grow plants in greenhouses to furnish their household with flowers. Those who did not have a greenhouse turned to nature for their accessories. Accents such as pine cones and winter berries became a treasured tool when preparing for winter social events. In modern times, pine cones can still be used in decorative garlands and wreaths and are especially lovely when harvested in their young, soft and green state.
Wash the pine cones under running water to remove any pollen or dirt. Gently rinse the carnations and holly berries and pat dry with a paper towel.
Remove the stems of the carnation flowers up to the base of the calyx.
Place 6 feet of thread on your needle. Double up the thread and tie a knot at the end.
Thread one carnation flower onto the garland thread by extending the needle through the head of the flower in the center. Pull the carnation to the end of the garland.
Thread one young pine cone onto the garland by extending the needle through the center of the pine cone with the top end facing the carnation.
Thread one holly berry stem onto the garland by sewing two straight stitches down the stem. Move the stem down next to the pine cone before completing the first straight stitch.
Repeat this process until all of the flowers and plants are strung onto the garland.
Tie the garland end by forming a square knot to join the first carnation with the last piece of holly berry stem.