Seeding a lawn may seem confusing at first, but when you understand the basic steps involved, the process becomes simpler. As long as you start with a prepared seedbed and you properly sow the grass seeds, the remaining task involves keeping the germinating grass seeds moist. Stretching a layer of burlap over the sown grass seeds (especially on a hill or embankment) can help keep the grass seeds in place and help them to stay moist during the germination process. The burlap will eventually disintegrate into the soil.
Prepare the seedbed in the early spring. Use the rototiller or garden spade to a depth of approximately 6 inches. Add a 2-inch layer of peat moss to the entire surface of the seedbed and rototill or work the peat moss into the soil down to a depth of 6 inches. Rake the soil surface smooth.
Fill the hand-held spreader or fertilizer spreader with the appropriate amount of seed for the size of your seedbed. Sow the grass seeds over the prepared seedbed, applying the first half of the seeds in one direction and the second half of the seeds in a perpendicular direction (to ensure complete coverage).
Rake the seeds into the seedbed lightly with the rake to ensure all seeds are contacting the soil. Add 1/8-inch of peat moss over the seedbed.
Spread the burlap over the seedbed.
Cut 6-inch lengths of wire and bend the wire into "U" shapes. Drive the bent wire through the burlap around the edges to secure the burlap in place.
Water the grass seeds two to three times each day through the burlap. It is essential that you keep the grass seeds evenly moist during germination.