Bamboo is a plant from the Bambusoideae family of plants and can represent several different types of grasses. Like your lawn grass, bamboo is nothing more than a set of roots and a stalk that comes up out of the ground. Some bamboo is thick and woody in appearance and touch, while others are like typical lawn grass. Different bamboo varieties grow differently, but most grow quickly. Taking care of them indoors requires a bit more work than your typical household plant, but bamboo in the home is well worth the effort.
Place your bamboo plant into a large container, allowing room for the growth of the plant. Choose a container, when planting, that allows for 2 inches of space between the root ball of the plant and the sides of the container. Re-potting the plant after growth is not necessary as the roots will become pot-bound, or grow into the shape of the pot, over time.
Mix into the soil, as you are planting, a slow-release fertilizer to promote early growth. Choose a fertilizer that is high in nitrogen and low in potash, such as a water-soluble 30-10-10 fertilizer, to achieve the best growth.
Place your plant in an area where there is a fair amount of sunlight. Set the pot near a southerly facing window to get the proper amount of sun.
Water your bamboo plant twice a week when it is young to promote growth. Bamboo requires a fair amount of water during the early growing periods, but it will die if it is left in standing water. Check that the pot is draining excess water properly. Cut down on watering the plant once the bamboo has reached a desirable height.
Prune your bamboo plant by cutting a few centimeters above the node with a hand saw or gardening shears. Prune to remove excess height and to cut back branches that stick out too far from the plant. Do not cut at the nodes, as this will cause the node to dry out, killing the stalk. Wear safety goggles and safety gloves as you cut the bamboo to prevent splinters from getting in the eyes and hands.