How to Grow Canary Island Palm from Seed


The Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis) is an ornamental palm tree that is native to the Canary Islands near the African coast. This palm grows large, up to 60 or 65 feet tall at maturity, with 10- to 15-foot-long spiky leaves. The Canary Island date palm bears 2-inch-long orange fruits as well. This palm grows best in subtropical and tropical climates, suitable for outdoor growing down to USDA Zone 9, with a minimum annual temperature of 20 degrees Fahrenheit. This date palm tree can also be grown indoors and its growth regulated by keeping it in a smaller container.

Step 1

Fill a seed tray or a 6-inch planter pot that has drainage holes in the bottom with 3 to 4 inches of well-draining potting soil. Mix into the potting soil a handful of coarse sand to further improve drainage.

Step 2

Place the Canary Island date palm seeds on the potting mixture. Cover the seeds with another 1 ½ inches of potting soil.

Step 3

Position the seeds in full sunlight or a bright, sunny window with southern exposure. Maintain air temperatures around the seeds at 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Step 4

Spray the potting soil with water daily to keep it slightly moist.

Step 5

Apply a well-balanced palm fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 NPK (Nitrogen-Phosphorous-Potassium), once each month. Follow the dosage and application directions on the package.

Tips and Warnings

  • Don't transplant the Canary Island date palm outdoors until it's at least a healthy 2 to 3 feet tall. If you're growing the palm as an indoor plant, you can repot to a 10-inch plant container as soon as the seedling begins to outgrow the germination container.

Things You'll Need

  • Canary Island date palm seeds
  • Seed tray or 6-inch planter pot
  • Potting soil
  • Coarse sand
  • Water spray bottle
  • Balanced palm fertilizer


  • Canary Island Date Palm Phoenix Canariensis
  • The Banana Tree: Phoenix canariensis "Canary Island Date Palm"

Who Can Help

  • Canary Island Date Palm -- Phoenix canariensis
Keywords: Canary Island date palm tree, grow Canary Island from seed, plant Canary Island palm

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.