Aloe vera is a succulent plant that is native to the tropical climates where frosts are practically unheard of. However, the aloe vera plant is a very popular indoor houseplant in all climates. It is grown both as an ornamental plant and for its medicinal qualities. If you are transplanting your aloe vera plant, perhaps to a more sunny location or to a pot to bring it indoors before cold weather arrives, you should always have the new location ready to go before digging it up.
Wait until the soil is moist to dig up your aloe plant. It will be much easier. The day after an inch or two of rain or watering is ideal. In addition, the aloe plant will absorb the water and fill its reserves, which it will need after the stress of being transplanted.
Wear gloves since the aloe leaves are prickly. Also, use a garden trowel so you can easily feel what is going on beneath the soil.
Dig wide. Aloe vera plant roots grow out more than they do deep. Start out about 12 inches from your plant and work your way inward if you don't feel the roots. As soon as you feel the roots, move back an inch and dig.
Dig down about 3 inches before cutting in toward the center of the plant. When you cut in, go down at an angle so that by the time you reach the center of the plant, you are about 8 inches deep. Adjust your digging angles and depths as you feel roots. The goal is to keep the roots intact as much as possible.
Pull down on the trowel in several spots around the plant to gently lift the aloe plant out of its current location. Replant as soon as possible.