Aloe plants belong to the succulent plant family. Succulents store water in their thick leaves and require very little water in order to grow. Aloes are desert plants that grow well in arid conditions. They are common in the Southwest United States. Aloes can be divided into separate plants, to grow in other areas of the yard or to give as living gifts.
Allow the aloe plant to grow for up to a year. When the plant is ready to be propagated, it will give off small plant growths along the soil line, along the base of the plant.
Pull the small plant growths--called "pups"--from the base of the main plant using your hands. If the pup holds too strong to the mother plant, use a gardening knife to slice the small plant off.
Let the cut end of the aloe pup callous over for three days. If the aloe pup is put in soil before the wound has healed over, the aloe pup will rot.
Fill a small flower put with potting soil made for cacti. If you don't have cactus potting soil, mix potting soil with gardening sand at a ratio of 1 to 1. Terracotta flower pots are ideal for growing succulents because they wick away excess moisture from the soil.
Plant the aloe pup in the flower pot, with the bottom inch of the plant beneath the soil's surface. Do not water. Aloe pups need very little water because they still have sufficient water stores from the mother plant.