How to Plant a Sweet Potato in Water

Overview

Although many people use the word yam and sweet potato interchangeably, they are really two separate plants. Orange sweet potatoes (Convolvulaceae) are sweet and moist, while true yams (Dioscoreaceae ) are dry and starchy. The United States Department of Agriculture allows sweet potato to carry the name of yam as long as it also contains the label sweet potato. Those labeled as yams in grocery stores across the US are almost certainly sweet potatoes. Although much of the US does not have a long enough growing season to produce mature sweet potatoes, they can be grown in water to create an interesting houseplant.

Step 1

Select a firm sweet potato with no signs of damage. Examine it for soft spots, cuts or bruises, or areas of discoloration. To grow a healthy sweet potato vine, you need a healthy tuber.

Step 2

Hold the sweet potato with the pointed end down. Insert three or four toothpicks at equal distance around the circumference of the potato, slightly above the midpoint.

Step 3

Fill a jar with water and place the sweet potato, pointed end down, so the toothpicks rest on the rim of the jar, and the bottom half of the sweet potato rests in water.

Step 4

Place the jar in a warm sunny area, and watch for roots to appear within a few days. Foliage appears in week or two and grows into an attractive vine.

Step 5

Change the water every two to three days to prevent stagnation. Keep the water level consistent by adding fresh water as it evaporates.

Step 6

Transplant to a pot once roots are established and vigorous growth appears.

Tips and Warnings

  • Do not set the jar in southern window that receives direct light, as the water may overheat, damaging young roots or developing vines.

Things You'll Need

  • Sweet potato
  • Toothpicks
  • Glass jar
  • Potting soil
  • Plant pot

References

  • TAMU Extension: What is the Difference Between a Sweet Potato and a Yam?
  • University of Illinois Teacher's Guide: Grow a Sweet Potato Vine
  • Utah State University Extension: Sweet Potatoes in the Garden

Who Can Help

  • University of Illinois Extension: Sweet Potato
  • House Plant Care and Information: How to Grow an Old Fashioned Sweet Potato Vine
Keywords: sweet potato vine, grow sweet potato, root sweet potato

About this Author

Nannette Richford is an avid gardener, teacher and nature enthusiast with 4 years experience in online writing and a lifetime of personal journals. She is published on various sites, including Associated Content. Richford holds a Bachelor of Science in secondary education from the University of Maine Orono and certifications in 7-12 English, K-8 General Elementary and Birth to age 5.