Growing bamboo in containers is an attractive way to bring this plant to outdoor areas or to grow it inside. As a fast grower, many types of bamboo may become invasive if planted directly in the ground. The container prevents this but still allows you to add bamboo to your landscaping. Arrange containers on decks or patios to form a living screen or place them in areas where you desire a tall plant. Proper planting and care is necessary to ensure the bamboo thrives in its container environment.
Fill a large container with a well-draining potting mix. Use 24-inch diameter or larger containers that are as deep as they are wide. Choose containers that have drainage holes in the bottom.
Plant the bamboo rhizome, or root, 2 to 4 inches deep in the pot. Firm the soil over the rhizome with your hands, then water thoroughly until the soil is evenly moist.
Place the pot where it receives full sun and water as needed to keep the soil moist. Water when the top half-inch of soil begins to feel dry, and add water until it drains from the bottom of the pot to encourage even moisture. Shoots will appear within six weeks.
Fertilize once a month with a balanced, soluble fertilizer. Apply at the highest recommended rate on the package. Alternately, fertilize every two to three months with a slow-release, balanced fertilizer.
Remove dead bamboo canes as needed. Cut them off at soil level using pruning shears or a pruning saw, depending on the cane's thickness.