How to Plant Eggplant


Eggplant is a vegetable that requires a long, hot growing season. To get a jump-start with eggplant, it is recommended that you begin the seeds indoors in peat pots approximately six weeks before the last frost and transplant the starts to the garden when the outside temperatures have reached the desired stability. Eggplant does not withstand cooler air and should not be transplanted until all danger of frost has passed in your region.

Starting Indoors

Step 1

Fill peat pots 2/3 full of potting soil.

Step 2

Place two eggplant seeds in each peat pot.

Step 3

Cover with 1/4 inch of potting soil. Water the peat pots until the soil is moist.

Step 4

Allow the eggplants to germinate and grow to approximately 2 inches high.

Step 5

Pull the weakest-looking plant in each peat pot to allow the remaining plant to grow. Keep the pots moist until the plants can be transplanted outdoors.

Transplanting to the Garden

Step 1

Choose a location in your garden where the eggplant will receive full sun.

Step 2

Plant the individual peat pots 1 to 2 inches deep, 18 to 24 inches apart, with 3 feet between rows. Use a starter fertilizer for the young plants, if desired, while you are transplanting to the garden.

Step 3

Side dress the plants with nitrogen fertilizer when they are close to halfway mature (usually 30 to 40 days, depending on variety). Side dress a second time after you have harvested the first fruits.

Things You'll Need

  • Peat pots
  • Potting soil
  • Eggplant seed
  • Garden space
  • Starter fertilizer
  • Nitrogen fertilizer


  • Cornell University: Eggplant
  • University of Illinois: Eggplant
Keywords: eggplant, plant eggplant, growing eggplant

About this Author

G. K. Bayne is a freelance writer, currently writing for Demand Studios where her expertise in back-to-basics, computers and electrical equipment are the basis of her body of work. Bayne began her writing career in 1975 and has written for Demand since 2007.