Certain herbs produce ingredients for medicinal purposes, as well as culinary uses. These types of herbs, commonly known as medicinal herbs, have components that affect health when taken in a specific manner. Techniques for growing medicinal herbs vary, depending on the specific requirements of each variety grown. Proper planting techniques ensure the best potency when growing medicinal herbs.
Select the ideal site in your yard for planting medicinal herbs. Choose a location that receives at least six to eight hours of sun each day. Place your medicinal herb garden in an easy-to-reach location to provide access for frequent weeding and harvesting. Keep your garden close enough to a water source to allow regular watering.
Test the soil in your selected location before planting your medicinal herbs. Purchase a basic soil kit from your local gardening supplier or online garden source. Follow all instructions on the test kit when selecting the sample for testing. Loosen the soil in the planting site and remove all existing vegetation. Purchase any soil additives recommended according to test results to increase necessary nutrients in your herb garden. Incorporate these additives into the existing soil according to package directions. Rake smooth before planting.
Select varieties of medicinal herbs to begin creating your medicinal garden. Certain medicinal herbs, such as mint, exhibit invasive tendencies. Choose non-invasive varieties for planting in the garden soil. Place invasive ones in individual pots to contain their aggressive habit of growth. Basic varieties of medicinal herbs include chamomile, coneflower, mint, hyssop and lavender.
Start tiny seeds and long-season varieties indoors before transplanting into the garden soil. Plant these seeds in sterile soil in small seed pots according to package directions for individual varieties. Set your medicinal herb seeds in a warm, light location to germinate and grow until moving to the medicinal garden.
Plant seeds and seedlings outside after the last frost of the season. Place medicinal herbs in groupings according to their use, size and water requirements. Allow adequate space for mature growth of each species of herb plant. Provide room between these herb plants for harvesting and weeding. Provide support for vines and leggy plants by placing wire mesh or lattice sections next to these varieties.