Bamboo, a versatile grass, comes in many varieties. Most people are familiar with the bamboo that looks like wood, but many other bamboos grow as a thin, flexible grass that provides an attractive decoration in the home. Growing bamboo indoors requires some extra attention and care. Bamboo grows quickly, and must be pruned often to prevent it from overtaking the planting area.
Plant your bamboo root ball or cutting in a large container with at least 2 inches of free space around the plants roots to allow for growth. Mix a NPK fertilizer that dissolves in water into the soil. Select a nitrogen-heavy fertilizer, such as 30-10-10 product.
Place the plant in an area that receives ample amount of sunlight. During the summer months place the plant by a south-facing window. If you plant temperate bamboo, it will likely go dormant in the winter and lose some foliage. Water the plant only once a week during this period to prevent water logging.
Prune and thin the bamboo plant to control the height and width of the plant. Cut the bamboo down directly above the nodes of the stalk, which are the little ridges. Cut branches from the lower part of the plant to expose the color of the stalk and keep the plant from growing too wide.