How to Grow Green Pepper Plants


Green peppers are enjoyed the world over for their sweet taste and crisp flesh. Used right out of the garden in stir fries or vegetable trays, the green pepper is an excellent source of vitamins A and C. Learning how to grow green peppers means understanding that it is a warm weather plant and loves the sun. It also loves water, and will drop blossoms or fruit if there is a lack of moisture in the soil.

Step 1

Prepare the garden bed by tilling the soil down 12 to 18 inches. Remove any debris and rocks, break up large clumps and rake the soil to produce a level planting surface. Add compost or other organic material during the tilling stage to add more nutrients to the soil, if desired.

Step 2

Start with green pepper plants instead of seeds if you live in a shorter growing season. Longer growing seasons, like in southern areas, may use seeds to grow green pepper plants, as long as they are viable seeds produced for the immediate growing season. Whether you choose seeds or plants, the daytime temperatures must be at least 75 degrees and the nighttime temperatures at least 60 degrees.

Step 3

Plant the green pepper plants 12 inches apart to allow for maximum growing space. Green pepper plants bush out and need plenty of room to mature.

Step 4

Water the green pepper plants daily in the morning or late evening, keeping water off the leaves. Never allow the pepper plant to show signs of water stress like wilting leaves, or the plant will stop developing blossoms and fruit.

Step 5

Refrain from removing any of the leaves to expose the green pepper. Direct sunlight scorches the skin of the pepper, causing unsightly sun scales. Harvest at any time desired, as green peppers are edible at all stages of growth. However, allowing it to mature on the plant produces a sweeter green pepper.

Tips and Warnings

  • Over fertilizing green pepper plants often burns the plants and causes them to die.

Things You'll Need

  • Rototiller or shovel
  • Compost or organic material
  • Healthy pepper transplants
  • Fresh pepper seeds (optional)
  • Pruning shears


  • University of Illinois: Peppers
  • Texas A&M: Pepper
  • Nutrition Data: Peppers, Sweet, Green, Raw
Keywords: growing green peppers, green peppers, pepper plants

About this Author

JulieAnn is a freelance writer from Ohio. She has been writing poetry and short stories for 30 years. Recently JulieAnn has written a variety of e-books and numerous articles on gardening, small business, and farming. JulieAnn is currently enrolled at Kent State University completing her Bachelor's degree in English.