Trim the repeat-flowering rose buds when they show evidence of swelling, usually in early spring, after the threat of frost has passed.
Prune once-flowering roses immediately after the flowering in the summer. Do not prune this variety in the spring because the flowers bloom on last year's old wood.
Cut out dead, gray or dull brown wood where it meets healthy wood. Prune where there is growth toward the base of the cane.
Snip off suckers growing from the base of the rose bush. These errant canes are taking nutrients from the rest of the plant.
Thin it out by pruning the spindly, twiggy canes. Remove those that are crossing or rubbing against each other. Cut as far down as possible If they are growing toward the center of the rose bush.
Shape the tree by cutting off the ends of the unwanted canes if it is lopsided or becoming too large. Limit the cutting to about 1/3 of the plant. Pruning a rose bush by more than 1/3 could result in damage.