Japanese orchids are epiphytes. This means they have roots that are exposed and aren't planted in soil as most flowers. There are thousands of species of orchids and the Japanese orchids are known as Neofinetia falcate or the Japanese wind orchids. Most of the Japanese orchids have white flowers, but you can find them in many other colors too. Orchids take a little more care than most flowers, but their beauty and fragrance make it all worth your time.
Place coconut fiber in the bottom half of a small flower pot. A bonsai dish will work as well if you have the time to pay special attention to watering.
Wrap the roots of the Japanese orchid with sphagnum moss and place in the pot. Make sure the crown of the orchid is above the top of the pot.
Water to dampen the moss and coconut fiber. Empty drain tray after 15 minutes. Do not allow the moss to completely dry out.
Keep the orchid in a location where it gets plenty of light and temperatures are between 75 and 85 during the day and not below 65 at night. Japanese orchids will handle slightly cooler temperatures than tropical orchids.
Mist the orchid once every other day in the spring and summer, using a spray bottle full of lukewarm distilled water. Tap water may contain chemicals that can harm the orchid.
Use a liquid or water soluble orchid fertilizer once a month in the spring, summer and fall. Do not fertilize during the winter as the plant will not be actively growing.
Change the coconut fiber in the pot once a year to prevent salt and mineral build up from the fertilizer.