Harvesting your own fresh, crisp cucumbers and slicing them for a meal is a goal for many gardeners. For those without a yard, this can be a bit more challenging. Container gardening is a convenient way to grow fresh vegetables for those without the benefit of a full garden. A surprising number of foods can be grown in containers, and cucumbers are definitely among the most popular.
Fill your plant pot with all-purpose commercial potting soil after all chance of frost is over. You can find the average frost date for your area by checking in the Farmer's Almanac. Fill the pot to within 1 inch of the top.
Place the trellis in the pot at one edge. You can purchase a commercial trellis inexpensively in a garden shop or the gardening department of many general stores. Get a trellis that is about 3 feet tall. Make sure that the legs of the trellis are securely buried. Even if you are growing a bush cucumber variety, a trellis helps to add some stability to the plant, and will help to prevent it from growing down onto the ground.
Plant two or three seeds near the center of the pot. Plant the seeds about 1 inch deep in the soil. Water completely until the water runs out of the bottom of the planter, and place the pot where it gets at least six hours of sun per day.
Choose the strongest of the seedlings when they have at least two sets of true leaves. Snip off the other seedlings, leaving the strongest to grow.
Side dress the cucumbers when they are about one month old. Do this by adding 1 tbsp. of 5-10-10 fertilizer to the soil around the sides of the plant, but not directly on the stem.
Water your cucumber plant whenever it gets dry. Do not allow it to get totally dried out. In very hot summer weather, this may mean watering more than once a day.
Harvest your cucumbers every couple of days once they are big enough to serve. Harvesting regularly helps the plant to keep producing and will prevent overlarge cucumbers with many seeds.