California has a large number of native plants due to the multiple growing climates and regions in the state. The benefit of growing California native plants is they are low maintenance, conserve water and invite wildlife to the garden. Most of the native plants in California are considered drought tolerant and do not grow well when fertilized or when soil is amended because they have adapted to the climate and soil conditions.
The California poppy is the state flower and is a small annual wildflower that sometimes acts as a perennial. The plant is approximately 1 inch in height and produces blue-green colored leaves with golden colored flowers that bloom in the spring and summer months. The poppy is a fast-growing plant that is found in meadow environments and has low water requirements.
The deer grass plant is a perennial that thrives during the warm summer season and grows in clumps that produce bright green leaves at the base of the plant. The grass clump reaches a height and width up to 4 feet and produces yellow or light purple flower spikes in the autumn months that reach a height of 2 to 3 feet. Deer grass prefers full sun to partial shade light conditions and is considered drought tolerant.
Island Alum Root
The Island Alum Root plant, also called Coral Bells, is an evergreen perennial that produces dark green leaves with 3-foot tall flower clusters of pink-white blossoms. The plant foliage grows to a height of one 1 foot and is planted in borders or as a flowering ground cover. Island Alum Root is resistant to cold weather and considered drought tolerant during the summer months.
California Honeysuckle plants are comprised of several native varieties of plants that are not as aggressive as the common honeysuckle vine. The plants grow as open shrubs and require some support to stand upright. The honeysuckles prefer partial shade light conditions and produce berries and flowers that attract birds and other wildlife. California honeysuckle plants are considered drought tolerant.
California Lilac shrubs consist of several native varieties that are evergreen and fragrant. The plants have a lifespan of 20 to 25 years when grown under the proper conditions of low water and fertilizer applications.