To ensure your dream lawn becomes a reality, proper ground preparation is essential. So, before throwing down some seeds or sod, there are some steps to follow for a healthy, beautiful, disease-free lawn.
Decide on a grass seed. Ascertain the types of grass that commonly flourish in your area. Garden stores usually have a specific list of growers in the area for ordering sods or plugs. Seeds can also be purchased directly from gardening stores.
Check the soil's pH and nutrient levels. A soil test kit can be purchased from garden stores. A more accurate test can be purchased from a local county extension office.
Remove grass, weeds, debris and rocks from the yard. Consider using a glyphosate herbicide, because they lose their potency after 24 hours so as to not harm the new grass or seeds.
Add the necessary pH corrective additives. The majority of grasses thrive in acidic soil around a pH of 6.0. If the pH is higher, add 20 pounds of sulphur to the soil for every 1,000 square feet. If the pH is lower, add 50 pounds of limestone per 1,000 square feet. Till the additives into the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches.
Add nutrients. Use phosphorus, calcium and iron according to the instructions on their respective manufacturer's containers. Till these nutrients into the soil to a depth of 6 inches.
Roll the soil with an empty water roller to remove air pockets and level the ground for planting.
Water the entire yard for 30 minutes the day before planting. This will soften the soil and provide moisture for the grass or seeds.