How to Arrange a Flower Bouquet


Flower bouquets are a work of art. As such, they can be arranged in almost any manner, depending on both the occasion and the personality of the florist. Flower bouquets, whether arranged in a vase or designed to be carried, can be dramatic, whimsical, romantic, traditional, elegant or just plain fun. Still, regardless of the style, there are some general rules to follow when arranging a flower bouquet. Keep them in mind when arranging your bouquet to maximize the impact of your flowers.

Step 1

Consider the occasion. If you are creating a bouquet for your home, choose flowers in colors that will complement the decor of the room in which the bouquet will be displayed. If you are creating a bouquet for a special occasion, choose flowers that will match the occasion. A wedding bouquet, for example, should feature formal flowers such as roses.

Step 2

Start with the backbone of the arrangement. This should be composed of firm stems that can support more fragile flowers. Small tree branches make an excellent and distinctive backbone.

Step 3

Add the flowers. Work from the center outward, using slightly taller and showier flowers in the center of the bouquet, and shorter flowers around the center flowers. Use different flowers in the same or slightly different hues for a more formal look. For a fun, celebratory bouquet, use flowers of brightly different colors.

Step 4

Fill in the spaces with green foliage, such as ferns or baby's breath, or smaller, more delicate flowers. For a dramatic look, add trailing ivy, which is especially effective in bouquets that are going to be held in a woman's arm.

Step 5

Arrange the flowers to your satisfaction, then cut the stems across the bottom so that they are even. Fasten the bouquet with a rubber band, then wrap with floral paper and tie closed with a ribbon. If the bouquet is going to be carried (such as a nosegay), cut the stems to only 4 or 5 inches, then wrap them in floral tape to create a "handle." Cover it with ribbon for a more attractive look.

Things You'll Need

  • Tree branches
  • Flowers of your choice
  • Foliage of your choice
  • Clippers
  • Rubber band
  • Floral tape
  • Floral paper
  • Ribbon


  • Country Living: Arrange Flowers Like A Pro

Who Can Help

  • Family Management: Tips for Arranging Fresh Flowers
Keywords: how to arrange, flower bouquet, floral design

About this Author

April Sanders has been a writer and educator for 11 years. She is a published curriculum writer and has provided academic content for several subscription databases. Sanders holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in social psychology and a Master's degree in information sciences and technology.