Tropical Sage Plant List

The sage plant family, or Salvia, contains over 600 species of culinary, aromatic and ornamental plants. They occur in most of the world's climate zones and provide residents of those areas with food, medicine and beauty. The tropics are home to many different varieties of sage--some of these have been introduced to gardens in the U.S. and other temperate climates, where they are typically grown as annuals.

Mexican and Central American Sages

Mexico and other countries in Central America are home to a number of sage species: Salvia chiapensis, S. cacaliaefolia (ivy leaf sage), S. divinorum, S. gesneraeflora, S. involucrata (rose leaf sage), S. iodantha (Mexican fuchsia sage), S. karwinskii, S. madrensis (forsythia sage), S. regla (mountain sage) and S. wagneriana.

African Sages

South Africa hosts these sages: Salvia africana lutea or aurea (golden sage or beach sage); S. disermas, S. lanceolata, S. repens, S. scabra, S. stenophylla, S. radula and S. namaensis. S. nilotica occurs in other tropical parts of the African continent.

South American Sages

Salvia confertiflora (red velvet sage) and S. splendens are native to Brazil. S. macrophylla comes from Peru; S. coccinea "Brenthurst" and S. pauciserrata are from tropical areas throughout South America. S. sagittata is native to Ecuador.

Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Sages

Salvia dorisiana (peach sage) hails from Israel, Syria and Lebanon. Salvia argentea is native to Mediterranean regions and S. barrelieri occurs in southern Spain and North Africa. S. lanigera grows in Eastern Mediterranean areas. S. sclarea hails from Turkey. S. taraxacifolia and possibly S. tingitana are from Morocco.

Keywords: sage salvia, tropical plants, Africa Mexico

About this Author

Barbara Fahs lives on Hawaii island, where she has created Hiā€˜iaka's Healing Herb Garden. Barbara wrote "Super Simple Guide to Creating Hawaiian Gardens," and has been a professional writer since 1984. She contributes to Big Island Weekly, Ke Ola magazine, and She earned her B.A. at UCSB and her M.A. from San Jose State University.