How To Propagate Japanese Persimmon Trees

Overview

According to the US Forest Service, the Japanese persimmon tree is related to the common persimmon that is native to America. However, the Japanese persimmon variety is a native of Asia. It may grow up to 30 feet tall and is a popular ornamental or specimen tree. In autumn, once the reddened leaves fall from the tree, it continues to provide a show of color with bright orange fruit. Persimmons prefer moist, well-drained soil and full sun. Propagate Japanese persimmon by grafting its tree branches or scions onto the roots of common persimmon trees.

Step 1

Collect Japanese persimmon branches for grafting in fall after Japanese persimmon trees have gone dormant. Select a branch that is no more than a year old, has few buds on it and has many spaces between the buds. Cut the scion straight across the branch with pruning shears.

Step 2

Wait until the rootstock begins to produce buds before grafting.

Step 3

Saw the trunk of the rootstock straight across with your fine-toothed saw.

Step 4

Create a wedge-shaped cut in the center of the trunk with your cleft grafting chisel and mallet.

Step 5

Cut the tip of the scion into a wedge shape. The wedge should be about 1 inch long, with sides that are at a 45-degree angle.

Step 6

Insert your scion's wedge into the cleft cut made by the cleft grafting chisel.

Step 7

Cover the top of the trunk around the graft cut and the scion by spreading asphalt emulsion over the point where the grafts join. Spread using a plastic paddle.

Things You'll Need

  • Pruning shears
  • Grafting knife
  • Fine-toothed saw
  • Sawdust
  • Japanese persimmon branches (scions)
  • Common persimmon tree (rootstock)
  • Cleft grafting chisel
  • Cleft grafting mallet
  • Asphalt water emulsion compound
  • Plastic stirring stick or paddle

References

  • US Forrestry Service: Japanese Persimmon
  • University of Minnesota Extension: Grafting and Budding Fruit Trees
  • Mississippi State University: Fruit and Nut Review: Oriental Persimmons

Who Can Help

  • Texas Gardener: Japanese Persimmons Tasty Treat for Texas
Keywords: propagating fruit trees, raising Japanese Persimmons, grafting wood

About this Author

After 10 years experience in writing, Tracy S. Morris has countless articles and two novels to her credit. Her work has appeared in national magazines and newspapers, including "Ferrets" and "CatFancy," as well as the "Lexington Herald Leader" and "The Tulsa World," and several websites.