Concord grapes were once the grape everyone grew in the backyard as a source of fruit for homemade wine, jams, jellies and juice. It is an easy grape to grow and can withstand abuse for years. Planting a vine is not difficult, and it will grow rapidly as long as you have prepared the right environment for the plant. Typically this is done in early spring before the plants bud out.
Select a sunny spot; avoid the shade of buildings or trees. Concord grapes like well-draining soil, so don't plant your vines in a low area. Check the pH of the soil if you can. Concord grapes prefer a somewhat alkaline soil between 5 and 6.5.
Soak the roots before planting, especially if you bought the vines through the mail and they arrived as a bareroot plant. Let them sit in the water for a couple of hours.
Meanwhile, dig the hole. Make it the same depth as the root ball, because the vines should grow at the depth as as they did before transplanting. Make the hole a little wider so the roots can stretch out once the soil is back in place. Don't add fertilizers or compost at this time.
Set the plant in the hole, fanning the roots out in a radial curve. Fill in with dirt, firming it down over the roots to eliminate air pockets. Once the hole has been filled to within about an inch of the soil surface, add a few gallons of water and wait about 15 minutes as the dirt settles around the roots. Then add the rest of the soil and firm it in around the plant.
Trim the concord grape plant back to 2 or 3 buds. This will force it to produce new growth and minimize the stress on the roots. Plant other vines 6 to 8 feet away. Water regularly until you see signs of new growth.