The aloe vera plant originated in Africa but commonly grows in many locations around the world. Used for a variety of medicinal purposes, this succulent requires sunlight and warmth for healthy growth. Like many plants, aloe vera reproduces both by seed and by plant division. Cuttings grow more quickly than seeds, making new plants in less time. You can start your own aloe vera plants to add an interesting variety to your collection of houseplants.
Start new aloe vera plants by selecting small offsets from the mother plant. Look near the base of the plant for new growth segments. Remove these from the mother plant when they are about 2 inches tall. Use a clean knife with a sharp blade to slice the segments away.
Lay the aloe vera cuttings on a clean, dry surface. Keep these cuttings in a dry location and wait two or three days to allow adequate time for the cut surface to form a scab over the wound. This scab provides protection from disease organisms, which may live within the potting soil.
Select a small pot for each of your aloe vera cuttings. Make sure the pots have drainage holes on the bottom. Fill the pots with potting soil to a level just below the rim. Create a small depression in the potting soil and press the bottom of the cutting into the soil. Firmly press the soil to hold the new cutting in place. Thoroughly water your new houseplants.
Place your aloe vera houseplants in a sunny location. These succulents prefer light from a west or south window. Aloe vera plants do not require frequent watering. Water your plants occasionally, allowing sufficient time between each watering for the soil to become dry.
Transplant your rooted aloe vera plants outdoors in areas that do not experience freezing temperatures during the year. In cooler locations, place the potted plants outside in the summer, allowing time for them to soak up the summer sun. Bring houseplants indoors before frost occurs in the fall.