Ginger is a popular herb used in aromatherapy, medicine and cooking, and has a pungent flavor and smell. It is a perennial herb that first originated in India, then was introduced to the West more than 2,000 years ago. When growing your own ginger indoors or in a garden, it only requires basic materials and a little bit of time. There are some important things to keep in mind when growing ginger, such as how to start it and when to harvest.
Visit the local farmers market or grocery store and look for fresh ginger roots in the produce section that have new buds growing out of the sides.
Plant the root in a small pot about 1-1/2 times its own size. Sprinkle a good quality potting soil over the entire root until it's barely covered, then cover it with a plastic bag. Place the ginger root in a sunny area.
Water the ginger root in very small amounts. If soil is more then damp the root will rot.
Remove the plastic bag when the ginger starts to sprout. Place it in a planter pot that is at least two times the size of the ginger root and keep it in a location that has bright, indirect sun. Water it once a week to keep the soil damp.
Fertilize during the growing season once a month, following the manufacturer's dosage instructions.
Harvest ginger once the stems reach 2 to 5 feet tall. Healthy plants will have glossy, dark green leaves that grow more than 1 foot long. Dig up the tuber when the soil is dry and store it in a cool dry place.