There are 200 distinct varieties of honeysuckle bushes and vines. The various species originated in Europe, China and Japan. Bushes are either evergreen or deciduous and fit into virtually all landscape needs. They are ideal shrubs to grow because of their ease and hardiness. They can survive drought conditions, excessive heat, cold winters and low light.
Honeysuckle bushes often sport yellow, white and pink flowers in the early to late spring. The flowers are extremely fragrant. Hummingbirds adore the honeysuckle bush and often congregate around it for the flowers' sweet nectar. The bush also draws many kinds of butterflies, who also enjoy the nectar as a main food source. The flowers turn into yellow or red berries that are are favored by a large number of songbirds, deer and field mice. During the wintertime the berries are an excellent source of food for birds when other berries are scarce.
Plant honeysuckle bushes as a hedge, specimen planting or landscaping shrub. When planting the bush make sure there is ample space. The honeysuckle bush can easily reach 20 feet in height. They prefer a location that offers full sun but will also live in partial shade. The honeysuckle bush thrives in alkaline soil that is moist.
Prune honeysuckle bushes in the spring for ideal results. Pruning helps open up the bush to allow light and airflow to reach all areas of the bush for optimum growth and to combat any fungus. Old wood should also be removed from the shrub.
Pests rarely bother the honeysuckle bush. Spider mites or aphids will often feed on the bushes new growth, but these can be easily hosed off with water by using a simple garden hose every other day.
Bush honeysuckle can become extremely invasive in many wild-land settings across America. The bushes grow quite large and can easily shade native species. Many wetlands, forest settings and prairies prove to be ideal settings for honeysuckle bushes to invade. The Amur honeysuckle bush is proving to be quite invasive across the United States and often must be plucked, poisoned or burned out to return the natural balance for native plants.