How to Plant a Bird of Paradise


A bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) is a tropical plant that does best in areas that do not go below freezing year round. The bird of paradise can tolerate temporary temperatures down to 24 degrees Fahrenheit, but extended periods will damage the flowers. This plant is an evergreen shrub that grows 3 to 5 feet tall, and is a popular landscaping addition around swimming pools because it doesn't drop debris. It grows in most soils but it prefers organic, well-drained, fertile soil. It can be grown in sun or partial shade, but full sun will reduce the size of the flowers and plants. When it starts developing flowers, most will be on the outside areas of the plant, so it's best to space them at least 6 feet apart.

Step 1

Water the bird of paradise container and root ball well.

Step 2

Dig a hole as deep as the root ball, and two to three times the diameter around.

Step 3

Gently loosen the plant from its container and place it in the hole. Make sure the top of the root ball is level with the ground surrounding the hole and no deeper; otherwise, your bird of paradise may not produce flowers.

Step 4

Water the new planting fully while gently tamping down the soil to remove any trapped pockets of air.

Step 5

Create a basin around the plant with small retainer walls to help retain water until it drains down to the roots. Use the extra soil from the hole for this.

Step 6

Add leaves, pine needles, bark or wood chips as mulch in the retainer basin to help conserve moisture and prevent weed growth.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Garden gloves


  • University of Florida: Bird of Paradise
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