The classic rose bush is a favorite addition to a garden. Some gardens are dedicated entirely to it. Whether you are tending a rose garden, or a garden that includes one or more rose bushes, the overall health of your garden begins during its initial planning. Understanding the needs of rose bushes will enable you to give them the best start.
Before adding a plant to the garden, it is necessary to understand that plant's specific light needs. Some plants prefer full sunshine, while others require partial shade. For the rose bush, full sunshine is needed for its continual health, especially early morning and afternoon. The reason for this is that moisture and humidity are the source of many rose diseases. Exposure to early morning and afternoon sun will evaporate the dew from the previous evening, making for a healthier rose bush.
Choosing the correct plant for your garden is as important as selecting where in the garden it should be planted to receive the appropriate amount of sunshine. The correct plant may not be just the plant type, but the health of the plant. Avoid introducing sickly plants to the garden. Planting a diseased rose bush can bring death to the entire garden. Some rose diseases, such as cankers, are virtually impossible to cure and can spread to healthy rose bushes.
Schedule the irrigation for the early morning. This is especially important for the rose bush. Early morning watering will give the bush sufficient time to dry out before nightfall. Each plant has its own watering needs. Some may require a moist soil, while others prefer soil that completely dries before irrigating. To determine if the rose bush needs watering, push your finger into the soil under the bush as far as it can go. If it is moist at the tip of your finger, the rose bush does not need watering. If it is dry, the rose bush needs watering.
When pruning or trimming plants, use clean gardening tools. This is especially true for the rose bush. Sanitize your shears prior to cutting each plant. This is because diseases can be spread from one plant to the next by gardening tools.
The observant gardener will be likely to keep the garden healthy, compared to a gardener who fails to recognized diseased plants. Common rose diseases include cankers, crown gall, powdery mildew, rust, rose blackspot and spot anthracnose. Symptoms include discoloration on leaves and stems and deformed buds or leaves. These might be cause by fungus, bacteria or spores, encouraged by too much moisture. Once infected, the bush must be treated or removed from the garden and destroyed. If left unchecked, the disease will spread.