There is nothing more rewarding than eating fresh food grown on your own farm. All the time, work and money quickly pay off during the first harvest season. To successfully plant seeds on your farm, consider the specific light and soil requirements for each plant and strategically plan where to establish seeds. It is also important to keep in mind the harvest season for each species so as not to plant too early or late.
Add compost or manure to your soil two to three weeks before planting seeds. This will add much-needed nutrients to the soil and give your seeds a good start.
Prepare the soil. Remove all weeds and use a rototiller to break up the dirt. Many farmers prefer to plant their seeds in rows formed into 6- or 12-inch mounds to protect seeds from standing water.
Sprinkle seeds onto the dirt, leaving a 1- to 2-foot radius around each seed. Before planting, consider the germination rate of your seeds and plant more seeds in one spot if the germination rate is low.
Cover seeds with about ½ inch of dirt, using your hand or a rake. Be careful not to bury seeds much deeper as this could hinder the germination process.
Lightly water the newly planted seeds. Over the next few weeks, keep the soil moist without allowing any standing water. Underground irrigation systems can be helpful as they can be set to a timer and water an entire field at once.
Allow only one plant to grow from each planting site. If two or three seedlings emerge from a single hole, leave the healthiest to grow and pull the rest.
Monitor your planting sites for weeds and insect infestations. The best way to prevent damage to your plants is to catch signs of stress early.