List of Garden Plants & Flowers

Garden plants and flowers can be used in many applications--a good variety will include several from each of these basic categories: herbs, flowers, trees, shrubs, vines, fruits and vegetables. Flower choices should be in the color palate and proportion to where they are being applied. Experiment with a veggie plot, a one or two color garden, or a combination flower/herb garden. Go beyond just perennials and annuals, and create something different.

Pacific Fir

The Pacific fir tree, Abies annabilis, is an evergreen from the Pinaceae family. It will get 70 to 100 feet tall and 12 to 20 feet wide. Dark green leaves have silver undersides and cones will be brown. Plant this tree in acidic soil (pH of 3.5 to 6.5) and in sun to partial shade. Soils should be well drained. Propagate via seed. It is tolerant of deer, drought, wind, and sloping landscapes. Grow in USDA hardiness zones of 6 to 8.

Painted Bamboo

The painted bamboo, Bambusa vulgaris, is from the Poaceae family. It will get 50 feet tall with green columnar culms. Plant this in soils with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5 and in sandy loam to clay loam soil. It will need partial shade to full sun conditions in normal to moist soil. It is tolerant of humidity and heat. Grow in USDA hardiness zones of 9 to 10.

Packman Broccoli

The packman broccoli, Brassica oleracea, is from the Brassicaceae family. It will have 10 inch broccoli heads and mature in 85 days. Harvest in 50 to 100 days from planting and rotate this crop year to year. It will get 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 to 1 ½ feet wide. Leaves are dark green and coarse. Plant this crop in sun to full sun in average soils (6 to 7.5 pH range). It can tolerate both humidity and heat and grow well in USDA hardiness zones of 3 to 10.

Kelsey Flowering Crabapple

Kelsey flowering crabapple, Malus, is from the Rosaceae family and is a deciduous tree. Dark green leaves are 3 inches long and purplish red or white flowers give way to reddish purple fruits. It will get 10 to 18 feet tall and the same in width. Plant this tree in sun to full sun conditions with average or moist soils in the pH variance of 5.5 to 7.5. It is tolerant of deer and pollution. Grow in USDA hardiness zones of 4 to 8.

Garnet Lily

Garnet lily, Lilium, is from the Liliaceae family and is a showy perennial. Dark green leaves and red flowers adorn this plant. Sizes will vary on cultivar. It is a low maintenance plant that grows in dappled sun to sun locations in normal to moist soils. pH range for the soils should be 5.5 to 7.5. It will grow well in USDA hardiness zones of 3 to 8.


Fuchsia, Gala fuchsia, is from the Onagraceae family and is a shrubby perennial. Flowers in summer and fall are pink, blue or lavender. Leaves are small, green, and deciduous. It will get 2 ½ to 6 feet tall and 1 ½ to 3 feet wide. Plant this in partial shade to full sun and mulch well, with a pH range of 5 to 7. It will not tolerant humidity, drought, or very high heat. Grow in USDA hardiness zones of 9 to 11.

Keywords: garden plants and flowers, Flower choices, variety of plants, List of garden plants and flowers

About this Author

Tina Samuels has been a full-time freelance writer for more than 10 years, concentrating on health and gardening topics, and a writer for 20 years. She has written for "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living," and "Mature Years," as well as online content. She has one book, “A Georgia Native Plant Guide,” offered through Mercer University; others are in development.