A luscious, green lawn is indicative of good lawn care, as an evergreen lawn produces healthy blades throughout the majority of the year, dying back and lying dormant during colder months. Regular lawn care yields a healthy lawn not only for the current season but for seasons to come.
Keep the lawn free of debris to promote good air circulation. Rake the lawn regularly especially after each mowing. Aerate the lawn in early spring by punching holes 3 to 4 inches deep throughout the lawn. Complete the aeration process manually or with a power aeration machine you can rent at a local hardware or home improvement store.
Maintain a blade height of 2 ½ to 3 ½ inches during the hot summer months. Reduce the lawn's blade height to 2 to 2 ½ inches during the cooler months of spring, fall and winter. Mow the lawn regularly to ensure that no more than 1/3 of the blade requires mowing at one time. This will help to prevent blade damage. Avoid mowing in the morning and during the heat of the day. Mow in early evening to allow the blades respite time before the height of the next sunlight.
Water the lawn thoroughly and infrequently, providing about a 1 ½ inches of water approximately once each week. Increase the amount of watering amount during hot, dry summer months. Water the lawn when grass blades begin to loss their resilience. Walk through the grass and look for your footprints. Water the lawn when the footprints remain and blades of grass do not stand back up.
Begin the fertilizing process in the spring once temperatures rise to a consistent 40 degrees F or higher. Select a granular, slow-release formula with equal levels of N-P-K, preferably a 20-20-20 or 40-40-40 formula. Feed the lawn three to four times each year. Follow a fertilizing schedule that feeds in the early spring, early summer, midsummer and mid to late fall, which will provide a consistent release of needed nutrients throughout the year.
Inspect the lawn regularly for signs of weeds. Remove any weeds immediately, pulling by hand prior to mowing. Loosen the soil around the weed and gently pull the weed up with the root intact. Dig up any remaining weed roots to ensure the weed does not regerminate and spread. Treat the area with an herbicide that meets lawn requirements.