Growing flowers, vegetables and herbs in your garden is a rewarding pastime with many benefits. Garden plants range from perennial blooming flowers to annual fruits, herbs and vegetables. You can design a garden to attract hummingbirds and butterflies and other wildlife, to feed your family or for medicinal purposes.
Planting perennial flowers in your garden is more cost and labor effective than planting annuals. Perennial flowers reappear in your garden each year; their blooms often last at least three weeks. Perennial flowers will spread and multiply over time, benefiting you with flowers you can transplant and share. Perennial bloomers include peonies, carnations, hostas, sweet pea, columbine, gladiolus, clematis, hydrangea and rhododendron.
Annual flowers in your garden offer continuous blooms for the duration of one season. Once the plant dies, you should remove the dead material from your garden, and plan to plant more annuals at the beginning of next season. Examples of annual flowers include pansies, petunias, begonias, geraniums, bachelor buttons, dianthus, snapdragons and alyssum.
More than an annual, less than a perennial, the lifespan for bulbs and rhizomes will vary, based on the cultivar. Garden plants grown from rhizomes or bulbs should bloom an average of three seasons with proper fertilization and care. Examples of bulb/rhizome garden plants include tulips, daffodils, cannas, amaryllis and lilies. Some bulbs can overwinter in the ground; others must be dug up, stored and replanted when mild weather returns.
Vegetables and Fruit
Garden vegetables are most often annuals; they must be replanted yearly. Some of the vegetables you can grow in your garden include beans, peas, squash, carrots, onions, potatoes, beets and corn. The types of fruit you can plant in your garden may be annuals or perennials. Fruit trees such as lemons, apples and pears last many seasons, as do fruit bushes and vines, such as blackberries and blueberries. Other fruit plants, such as strawberries and tomatoes, are annuals and must be planted new each year.
Herbs may be grown alongside the flowers and vegetables in your garden, or you can plant a separate herb garden. Herbs have medicinal, culinary and aromatic uses. Perennial herbs include lavender, rosemary, sage, catnip, chives, lemon balm and oregano. Annual herbs include basil, chamomile, garlic and dill.